Opinion: Jasper County Allocates funds for Cyber Assessment — Proceed with Caution

County invests in Cybersecurity (Jasper Sun Times):

According to a recent article in the Jasper Sun Times, Jasper County has recently allocated funds in the amount of $40,000 to hire a company to perform a network threat and vulnerability assessment. On the one hand, it is good to see that a local government is paying attention to issues of cybersecurity and is taking steps to gain situational awareness. However, starting out by throwing money at the problem is not the most prudent nor efficient course of action. While I won’t downplay the effectiveness of network threat assessment and vulnerability efforts; those are but one piece in a much larger and more comprehensive approach to cybersecurity. The full text of the article is here.

This is the problem when the media picks up on buzzwords like threats, assessments, hackathons, vulnerabilities and now on an almost daily basis — cybersecurity. This is once again an opportunity for the government to both develop and lend some expertise. If you look at the impacts on individuals affected by a cybersecurity breach and specifically the exfiltration or exploitation of personally identifiable data (“PII”) then it isn’t much of a stretch to see that this goes directly to the state police power (public health safety, welfare, and morals). Consequently, and minimally, States need to be doing their part to ensure minimum levels of cybersecurity hygiene across entities operating within their states and so too, the Federal government should be tackling this issue and providing education and guidance to the public as well as private sectors.

Neither municipalities nor small businesses should be saddled with the burden of having to understand and tackle complex cybersecurity issues. Certainly, applying time and resources to single-point aspects of the problem are not going to provide a good return on investment and one could almost analogize the hiring of a network assessment company to hiring a security guard to surveil a warehouse while failing to require access control for employees/contractors or even implementing background checks. This seems to be part of an ingrained mentality amongst many that “doing something” is somehow better than “doing nothing.” This simply isn’t always the case. The $40,000 that this county is going to spend on having a network threat assessment performed could be used to actually review the IT systems, controls, processes, and procedures and to understand exactly what PII is stored and where and what access controls are in place. The point being that one has to develop a baseline understanding of what assets they need to protect before they can begin to develop the requisite situational awareness necessary to do so.
I hope that other municipalities or small businesses facing similar issues will begin by understanding the cybersecurity issues they may face and then determining which areas require further investigation and exploration. As someone preparing to enter the cybersecurity law and policy field I certainly don’t wish to preclude any future contracts. However, I would like people to spend their money wisely and ensure that they are applying resources to the entire cybersecurity issue and not merely one small facet.

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Authors

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Professor William Snyder

Professor William C. Snyderis a member of the faculty of the Institute for National Security and Counter-terrorism at Syracuse University after fifteen years with the United States Department of Justice.

Ryan D. White

Ryan D. WhiteRyan is currently a third year law student at Syracuse University College of Law, and is also pursuing a Master of Public Administration degree from Syracuse’s Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. Ryan spent time with Homeland Security Investigations while pursuing his undergraduate degree at Wesleyan University, and spent his first summer of law school as clerk for the U.S. Attorney’s Office in the Western District of New York. He is a member of Syracuse Law Review, the Journal on Terrorism and Security Analysis, and participates in the Veteran’s Legal Clinic. Full biography

Shelby E. Mann

Ryan D. WhiteShelby is a second year law student at the Syracuse University College of Law. During her final year at the University of Missouri, she served as a full-time news producer for ABC 17 News. Shelby spent her first summer of law school at the Shelby County District Attorney General's Office in Memphis, Tenn., in the Public Corruption and Economic Crimes Unit. She is a member of Syracuse Law Review, the Journal on Terrorism and Security Analysis, and the senior editor for the Syrian Accountability Project. Full biography

Christopher w. FolkChristopher W. Folk

is a 2017 graduate of SU College of Law. A non-traditional student, Christopher returned to academia after spending nearly twenty years in the high tech industry. Christopher served in the Marine Corps, graduated from Cornell University with a B.S. In Applied Economics and Business Management, attended Northeastern University’s High-Tech MBA Program and received a M.S. In Computer Information Systems. Christopher previously worked in Software Engineering. Christopher is currently serving his second term as Town Justice for the Town of Waterloo. Christopher externed with a Cybersecurity firm in the Washington, D.C. area between his first and second year at SU College of Law. Full biography

Anna Maria Castillo

Anna Maria Castillois 2016 graduate of Syracuse College of Law. She also holds a Master of Arts in International Relations from Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs. She has interned at a London-based think-tank that specializes in transnational terrorism and global security and at the legal department of a defense contractor. She served as an executive editor in the Syracuse Law Review. Full biography

Jennifer A. CamilloJennifer A. Camillo

is a 2015 graduate of Syracuse College of Law and is a prosecutor. She has served as a law clerk in the United States Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of New York and the Cayuga County District Attorney’s Office and as an extern in the Oneida County District Attorney’s Office. She was a member of the Syracuse National Trial Team and was awarded the Tiffany Cup by the New York Bar Association for her trial advocacy achievements.

Tara J. PistoreseTara J. Pistorese

holds Juris Doctor and Masters of Public Administration degrees from Syracuse University's Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs and its College of Law. She wrote for this blog when a student. She is now a member of the U.S. Army Judge Advocate General's Corps.

Benjamin Zaiser

is both a scholar and a Federal Agent of the Federal Criminal Police Office of Germany. (Opinions expressed here are his own and not any part of official duty.) Full biography

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